Russell, Bertrand

   b. 1872, Trellick, Monmouthshire; d.1970
   Philosopher
   Bertrand Russell profoundly influenced British culture in political and philosophical circles. His contributions to philosophy are outstanding in conceptual rigour, range and plenitude. His Principia Mathematica (with A.N.Whitehead, 1910– 13) unsuccessfully attempted to describe meta-language, yet raised puzzles about logical class that still exercise analytic philosophy. Russell increasingly turned from analytic philosophy to political concerns. He stood for parliament, unsuccessfully, before becoming a major public figure from the 1930s onward. He wrote and campaigned for civil rights and pacifist movements (for which he spent six months in prison) and was heavily involved in the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND). Latterly he came to represent the conscience of a troubled nation. He was rehabilitated with the award of the OM and a Nobel Prize.
   Further reading
    Pears, D. (1950) Bertrand Russell and the British Tradition in Philosophy, 2nd edn, London: Fontana.
   PAUL BARRY CLARKE
   EMMA R. NORMAN

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Russell, Bertrand — ▪ British logician and philosopher in full  Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell of Kingston Russell, Viscount Amberley of Amberley and of Ardsalla  born May 18, 1872, Trelleck, Monmouthshire, Wales died Feb. 2, 1970,… …   Universalium

  • Russell, Bertrand —    In The Occupation, by David Caute, a wife says sarcastically to her husband: ‘It’s a wonderful feeling to be married to Jean Paul Sartre and Bertrand Russell.’ She is implying that he is as distinguished a philosopher and writer as those two… …   A dictionary of epithets and terms of address

  • Russell, Bertrand (Arthur William), 3er Conde Russell — (18 may. 1872, Trelleck, Monmouthshire, Inglaterra–2 feb. 1970, cerca de Penrhyndeudraeth, Merioneth, Gales). Filósofo y lógico británico. Es conocido sobre todo por su trabajo en lógica matemática y su defensa de diversas causas sociales y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Russell , Bertrand Arthur William — Russell , Bertrand Arthur William, third earl Russell (1872–1970) British philosopher and mathematician Russell, who was born at Trelleck, England, was orphaned at an early age and brought up in the home of his grandfather, the politician Lord… …   Scientists

  • Russell, Bertrand Arthur William — (1872 1970)    A British mathematician, logician and philosopher, Bertrand Russell began philosophical life by going through Kantian and Hegelian phases in which he sought a synthesis of all reality, but then eventually moved (in his words) from… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Russell, Bertrand (Arthur William), 3rd Earl Russell — born May 18, 1872, Trelleck, Monmouthshire, Eng. died Feb. 2, 1970, near Penrhyndeudraeth, Merioneth, Wales British logician and philosopher. He is best known for his work in mathematical logic and for his advocacy on behalf of a variety of… …   Universalium

  • Russell, Bertrand Arthur William — (1872–1970) English philosopher. Russell was born into the liberal and aristocratic family descended from the Prime Minister, John Russell, and educated first at home, and then from 1890 at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he read mathematics.… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Russell,Bertrand Arthur William — Rus·sell (rŭsʹəl), Bertrand Arthur William. Third Earl Russell. 1872 1970. British philosopher, mathematician, social critic and writer who had a profound influence on the development of symbolic logic and 20th century analytic philosophy. His… …   Universalium

  • Russell, Bertrand Arthur William Russell, tercer conde de — ► (1872 1970) Matemático, filósofo y sociólogo británico. En el campo de las matemáticas, siguiendo la línea de Boole, Frege, Morgan y Peano, subordina dicha ciencia a la lógica pura e intenta deducir toda la matemática a partir de un pequeño… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bertrand Russell, 3. Earl Russell — Bertrand Russell, 1907 Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3. Earl Russell (* 18. Mai 1872 bei Trellech, Monmouthshire, Wales; † 2. Februar 1970 in Penrhyndeudraeth, Gwynedd, Wales), war ein britischer Philosoph, Mathematiker und Logiker. Zu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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